Ipswich is a port town and county in Suffolk, England. The city is located in East Anglia, about 10 miles from the mouth of the Orwell River and the North Sea. Ipswich is on the Great Eastern Main Line and the A12; it is 108 km northeast of London, 72 km southeast of Cambridge and 64 km south of Norwich. Ipswich is surrounded by two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB):
Suffolk Coast and Heaths and Dedham Vale.
Ipswich's modern name is derived from the medieval name Gippeswic, which may have been derived from the Anglo-Saxon proper name. The town has been continuously occupied since Saxon times and is considered one of the oldest towns in Great Britain. Ipswich was a colony of great economic importance to England throughout its history, especially in trade. The town's historic pier, today's Ipswich Waterfront, is the kingdom's most significant and crucial pier. In terms of population, Ipswich is also the third-largest settlement in East Anglia.
Ipswich's urban development extends beyond city and county boundaries, with 75% of the town's population living within the county at the 2011 census when it was the second largest metropolitan area. In 2011, the city of Ipswich had a population of 133,384, while the built-up area of ??Ipswich was estimated at 178,835, stretching from the town of Ipswich to Kesgrave, Woodbridge, Bramford and Martlesham Heath. The city is divided into several districts, with the centre and waterfront attracting the most visitors. The centre is home to the town's retail businesses and Cornhill's historic square. The waterfront is just south of downtown at the bend of the Orwell River and is a picturesque setting home to the city's impressive marina. The waterfront was formerly an industrial port but has become a trendy neighbourhood lined with apartment buildings, restaurants, bars and cafes.
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